MOLD TESTING, ABATEMENT & REMEDIATION - AGRICULTURE & HORTICULTURE APPLICATIONS
We can assist you if your business has been exposed to chemicals, viruses, sewage, biohazards or other hazardous materials. Clean Solutions™ offers a variety of disinfection and decontamination services. We know that your reputation and business are at risk. Your project will be handled with the greatest discretion and respect.
COMMERCIAL MOLD TESTING, ABATEMENT REMOVAL & REMEDIATION
Mold can be found in all buildings, but commercial buildings are more susceptible. To reduce cross-contamination, a professional should perform mold remediation in commercial structures. If your commercial building has had issues with water damage, excessive humidity, or other moisture issues, mold can potentially become a big problem. Mold can quickly grow and pose a serious threat to the air quality and health of the people who live in the building. You should be concerned if mold is visible on the surface.
It is crucial to quickly begin mold remediation once it has been established that a commercial building is affected by mold. Engineer controls such as the use of HEPA filter air filters, custom containment barriers and negative air flow protect spores against spreading to uncontaminated areas. The removal of the source is done using a variety of demolition techniques, as well as mechanical remediation. After that, detailed cleaning steps are taken to remove the mold from the structure. Commercial mold remediation should be done with discretion and safety in mind.
In order to prevent future contamination, moisture problems like leaks and high humidity must be detected, found, and rectified or controlled as soon as possible. Moisture is a problem that can only be controlled.
Mold remediation requires special training and skill. Inadequate remediation can result in cross-contamination, recurring mold growth and health problems for occupants long after work is completed. It is always best to have mold removed by licensed and certified professionals.
Mold remediation experts can eliminate the mold from any area of your building without spreading to other areas. This will leave you with a healthy and clean work environment. We can handle any size job, large or small, and get you back in business as soon as possible.
The Commercial Mold Remediation Process is a proven success. To remove mold from contaminated buildings safely and efficiently, we follow industry standards. You have come to the right place if you’re looking for a commercial mold removal company.
Before and after any remediation, it is important to test for mold contamination on surfaces as well as in the air. This will help determine the type and severity of mold contamination, as well as the success of remediation. The specialist will inspect any areas that are affected by mold and determine if there is mold contamination. To determine the extent of damage, they will conduct moisture tests in drywall, flooring, structural cavities and other potentially affected materials. A licensed mold assessor may also perform pre-remediation laboratory air analyses. This will allow them to prepare a scope. We will take note of any damaged items and then remove them from the area.
Cross-contamination is a condition in which mold spores spread to unaffected areas of a building. Temporary containment barriers can be constructed to stop this. To achieve this, we use temporary walls, which block HVAC vents and create negative pressure. You can place containments around any area affected, including corners and around permanent objects.
It is important to establish and maintain negative air pressure within containment areas relative to the surrounding indoor occupant spaces. This helps to prevent cross-contamination as well as remove mold spores during demolition and cleaning. HEPA-equipped negative air machines (air cleaners) are used to achieve this. They are placed in the containment area and have exhaust vents that lead outside. Venting HEPA-filtered air scrubbers to the outside of buildings is not possible in certain areas. In such cases, the air should be recirculated inside the containment area.
A specialist in remediation will regularly check and monitor the air pressure. In buildings with high moisture levels, drying equipment can also be used. To maximize efficiency, equipment should be placed in a specific position and should not move.
Engineer controls like containments and controlling the airflow protect occupants from cross-contamination and help prevent them from being harmed during the mold remediation process.
Bleach alone will not kill mold. It is not possible to remove visible signs or isolate the mold from the surface with bleach. To remove mold, porous materials such as drywall, flooring and furnishings must be removed. To minimize dust, drywall removal can be done with a saw equipped with HEPA filter attachment. The contaminated materials are then bagged in extra-heavy-duty bags and taken out of the structure for disposal.
You can salvage structural materials like wood framing by scraping, sanding, or media blasting to get rid of mold growth. Because it’s faster than sanding and can also deodorize, soda blasting is an excellent option for large-scale mold remediation projects and fire damage restoration. Soda blasting involves using compressed air to propel granular sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) against a surface. Soda, which is a very friable material, micro-fractures on impact and literally explodes away any surface materials from sensitive substrates, such as brick or wood, without causing damage to the surfaces.
Cleaning should be done to remove as much contamination as possible. Cleaning is essential to remove contaminants, microorganisms and food sources from the environment. The type of contaminants and the cleaning method used will vary. Antimicrobial agents are often used when contaminants are biological to prevent or decontaminate.
After demolition is completed, all surfaces in the containment area must be thoroughly vacuumed. An antimicrobial disinfectant will also be used to kill any mold spores remaining on surfaces. Remaining drywall, ceiling and contents are all areas that need to be cleaned, as well as windows, light fixtures, wall cavities, studs and other surfaces in the area.
Source containment is when there is very little mold growth on the wall or other building material. This involves sealing visible mold growth to the material and creating a barrier that prevents spores being released into the atmosphere during demolition. It reduces the risk of cross-contamination.
Plastic sheeting, adhesive, and tape are all common methods of source containment. This method can be problematic because the contamination from the building material being removed is likely to be hidden behind the surface and cannot contain it until the material has been removed.
Imagine that you are seeing drywall that has a little mold on it. Many times the visible area is smaller than the area inside the wall cavity. When the building material is removed, the framing or insulation behind the wall cavity may be affected. This can lead to mold spores.
Source containment should be the only type of containment that a company recommends for surface growth. They must verify that the contamination is not hidden behind any visibly affected building materials. You can confirm this with a special camera that inspects the cavity of the wall or by testing the walls and surfaces.
This type of containment will isolate a specific room or area from all the rest of the building. This type of containment typically involves the construction of strong-duty plastic walls that are either placed across doors or built around the contamination area. This allows workers to reach the affected area, while keeping dust and mold spores from getting out of the containment during cleanup and removal.
It is also important to consider the entry and exit points. A clean room airlock chamber is necessary if workers or damaged material must be moved through other areas of the building to gain access to the enclosed area. The airlock chamber is typically a small space that workers can enter and exit from, but it will be located outside the contaminated area.
Clean rooms are used to prevent contaminants from being tracked into the building by either restoration workers or contaminated materials. It’s used to wash and dry PPE and any bags containing contaminated building materials. It should be HEPA vacuum regularly during remediation. The room might also have a HEPA air scrubber for constantly cleaning out contaminants from the air. Sticky mats are available at exits to ensure that no contaminants are tracked through unaffected areas.
This is useful for large remediation projects that involve extensive condition 2 or 3 throughout the building. A full containment may be required if the entire building is in severe condition. This would include containing all HVAC vents throughout the building and any exits.
Each of these contaminants may, and should, be used together. A full containment can be used if the whole building is affected. This will reduce cross-contamination risk while technicians are working on each room. The licensed mold assessor can also test each area once it has been remedied. The mold remediator can focus on a specific area and not the whole building if a single one fails to pass the post remediation verification tests. This saves time and money.
This is the act of manipulating the room’s air pressure to reduce cross contamination. HEPA-filtered air scrubbers (or AFDs) are used to create negative pressure. The filtered air is sucked from the room by forcing it out of its containment. However, the air being sucked out must be replaced with clean, fresh air from outside or another part of the building. This technique allows us to continuously introduce clean air into contaminated rooms while filtering out any excess contaminants.
Negative air must be used with care and the remediator must know where it is coming from. If there are open sewer lines near the remediator, for example, the air quality may quickly drop as methane gas or other contaminants are sucked from the lines. If natural gas or propane are used in the building, it is important to ensure that no flammable gases are leaking into any rooms. You should also monitor the make-up air for contaminants. This could include crawlspaces, attics, adjacent units in multi-unit buildings, or even janitor’s closets.
We can contain the whole building with airlock chambers or just a small area of it. There are three types of containment localized containment (source containment), full containment (localized containment) and complete containment.
To minimize contamination, the remediator must be proficient in controlled demolition. To aid in this process, there are many demolition tools available. These include saws and sanders. The remediator can also use a source containment to place additional plastic on non-contaminated floor coverings and contents.
It is important to remove all building materials carefully and not rip, smash, or crush them. Although the demolition process can take slightly longer with these specialized tools, it is significantly faster and more cost-effective.
Some types of mold can thrive in high relative humidity levels above 60%. This high humidity can easily be reached in an indoor environment due to HVAC systems being closed or covered. To prevent new growth, dehumidifiers or other climate control systems such as portable HVAC systems can be added to the confinement.
If the HVAC system isn’t working, it is important to have climate control installed in any other areas of the building. To ensure acceptable relative humidity, it should be checked daily and adjusted if necessary.
Clean Solutions™ has mold specialists who are all trained in these engineering controls. We use HEPA filter vacuums and dehumidifiers for every project. Containment should not be considered optional, but mandatory. This ensures that we have the best chance of success in mold remediation and protects the building occupants.
Mold contamination indoors is not something to be taken lightly. Individual mold spores can only be seen by the naked eye because they are microscopic. There could be thousands of mold spores within a colony if you only see one square inch of growth. These spores can cause serious health problems and even lead to future problems like the destruction of building materials.
It is crucial that engineering controls are in place when mold remediation is done. This will prevent cross-contamination, and protect the occupants. If mold is disturbed, and there are no engineering controls in place, the spores could easily get into the HVAC system and spread to other areas of the building. Mold spores can be dispersed and remain dormant for as long as the right conditions exist. These spores can proliferate in excess humidity and moisture due to a water loss, which can lead to rapid destruction of building materials and further health concerns.
We can handle any size project, including biological and chemical decontamination. Exposure to many biological contaminants can lead to infectious diseases. Chemical decontamination includes crime scene, meth lab cleanup, tear gas mitigation and oil and fuel clean up (interior). For biological and chemical threats, planning and preventive disinfection services are also available.
AGRICULTURE & HORTICULTURE APPLICATIONS
You can improve feed conversion and decrease mortality by focusing on the most neglected aspect of biosecurity,… your water supply.
Disinfect and deodorize stalls and enclosures, used in food preparation applications to reduce spoilage or pathogenic organisms without the need for post-treatment rinse. Also, used in postharvest handling to treat meats, fruits, vegetables, and nuts directly during storage, and transport. Chlorine Dioxide has been shown to kill microorganisms, remove biofilms, and eliminate pathogens. It can be used continuously in low concentrations in areas that are highly susceptible to disease, without causing plant or livestock toxicities.
Our disinfection systems can be used with any other treatments, such as fertilizers, vitamins or vaccines.
Clean Solutions has programs that cater to all types of intensively raised livestock or vegetation. Our knowledge is unmatched. Reach out to us today to speak with one of our specialists. We have biosecurity-trained installation engineers available to provide complete services
Our Directors are deeply rooted in the agricultural sector and are working to maximize productivity while maintaining high welfare standards in agriculture. Our multidisciplinary approach combines chemistry and microbiological knowledge with a deep understanding of modern agricultural practices and stockmanship.
Our founding principles of using biosecurity best practices to improve welfare, reduce mortality, and ultimately improve stock performance, whether in aquaculture, horticulture or agriculture, have led us to be trusted partners with major agribusinesses, farmers, and pedigree breeders.
Clean water is essential for successful animal rearing and milk production. Bad water quality can lead to disease in the herd and have a negative impact on milk yields and meat production.
No matter where your water comes from, bacteria can build up in pipes and drinking troughs. This can lead to poor water quality, and other problems with animal husbandry.
Clean Solutions™ offers a variety of water treatments and eco-friendly disinfectants and disinfection services that can be used for animal rearing. Which can disinfect tanks and troughs once-off, to our fully-automatic Alpha continuous dosing system, which can disinfect borehole water on a regular basis to eliminate pathogens like Enterococci, E.coli, and other Coliforms.
The growth of microorganisms within irrigation water pipes is a common problem in agriculture. This causes blockages, which can hinder the flow of water to the crop. Pathogenic bacteria and microorganisms can also contaminate water used for irrigation, which could potentially cause crop damage. Biofilm is another factor that can contaminate water pipes with microorganisms like bacteria, fungi and algae. Biofilm can allow for the growth of pathogens that could be harmful to the irrigation system.
There are many disinfectants that can be used to deal with the problem, including chlorine. However, the EPA-approved chemical compound Chlorine dioxide (ClO2) has been shown to be the most effective.
Proper maintenance is essential to prevent water pipe blockages and improve the performance and durability of irrigation systems. ClO2 can be a great help in resolving any
- clogging issues.
- Biofilm growth
- Drip taps and emitters are covered in algae when there is sunlight
- Clay molecules can be organically grown
Organic conditions can cause sprinklings of sulfur and iron
Restriction of Microorganisms in the Irrigation Systems
If used in higher concentrations, traditional non-oxidizing biocides are not effective in controlling the growth of microorganisms inside the pipes. These biocides don’t work on biofilm even if they are applied in higher concentrations.
Additionally, the disinfectants mentioned above can cause damage to irrigated crops so they should not be used in excess. ClO2 Biofilm control is a powerful tool that can help you win over your competition. It doesn’t react in water with ammonia and can also be broken down into non-toxic inert substances. Higher concentrations of the compound can be used to disinfect hard surfaces and stop harmful microorganisms from growing. It is no surprise that many agriculturists are interested in this compound.
In agriculture, chlorine dioxide can be used in higher and lower concentrations. To prevent algae growth and maintain irrigation pipes, ClO 2 is applied at a moderate level to irrigation systems. It is also used in higher concentrations inside greenhouses to kill microorganisms found on hard surfaces like pots and glass.
There are many other benefits to Chlorine Dioxide
- Productive in a wide pH range (4-10).
- Removes bacteria, fungi and biofilm.
- If used in a pre-approved concentration, it won’t cause any harm to plants
- In the presence of sunlight, converts to non-toxic chemicals
ClO2 is widely used in agriculture. It is a great way to save irrigation systems from microorganisms and improve the quality of agricultural products. Its versatility as an algaecide, fungicide and sanitizer is why it is so popular. Contact GO2International for the best service at a reasonable price.
The pressure on horticultural businesses to address water treatment issues is increasing. Some pressure comes from consumer preferences and government regulations. The majority of pressure is internal. It includes better disease management, including integrating capture and recycling of irrigation runoff, and eliminating biofilm and alga control.
There are a few water treatment technologies that are available. The list of available technologies for water treatment becomes even more limited when you consider the unique demands of horticultural production, post-production processes, and other factors. The top five technologies that growers are looking at include ultraviolet light, chlorination, chlorine dioxide and peroxide. This article will provide a technology overview of chlorine dioxide and discuss how it can be used to solve sanitation problems in nurseries and greenhouses.
Biofilm is an organic and inorganic living system that forms on surfaces that come in contact with water. These surfaces include pressurized irrigation lines and non-pressurized return lines to the recirculation system. They also include holding tanks, mixing tanks, containment containers, and so forth. Biofilm layers, which are largely composed of highly adaptable bacteria, attach to hard surfaces and grow over time, eventually becoming thicker and more established.
Common fertilizer injections can be used to accelerate biofilm growth in horticultural operations like nurseries and greenhouses. Biofilm is a common problem in fertilizer lines. Most growers are well aware of it. When a line is cut to repair, it is visible as a layer of slimy growth. However, biofilm growth isn’t limited to fertilizer lines. It can also be seen in clear water lines. Although it is usually less noticeable.
The bacterial complexes that make up biofilm and algae have an interesting relationship. This relationship is synergistic. What one needs, the other provides. They work together so well that biofilm can provide enough energy for algae to replace sunlight. Anyone who has ever cut into an underground pipe only to find it covered in green, algae-laden biofilm has experienced this phenomenon. This is a highly evolved organic system that has stood the test of time.
It is no surprise that most water treatment technologies cannot break down biofilm. Photo at left shows sections cut longitudinally from PVC pipe to reveal the inner surface. Top-new, middle-clear water lines showing biofilm contamination. Bottom-fertilizer lines showing algae and biofilm complex.
The most widely used sanitizing agent, chlorine dioxide, is widely considered to be the best. When the Hart Senate Building in Washington, D.C. became infested by anthrax a decade ago, chlorine dioxide was used to kill the bacteria. The building was then gassed with chlorine dioxide. It is injected through its liquid form into irrigation lines in horticulture.
ClO2’s most important property is its ability to dissolve in water. The production of a stock solution in the range of 2,000 to 3000 ppm can be achieved using our on-site generation technology. The stock solution is then injected into irrigation systems at a final concentration of 1.0 ppm. This ensures water sanitation.
This solubility characteristic means that chlorine dioxide, which is a gas dissolved into water, is not able to move or diffuse within its solution. Because of this property, chlorine dioxide molecules can freely move within an irrigation line. They exploit this freedom of movement to penetrate biofilm layers and kill the complex down to its attachment points along the hard surface they have colonized. This is the only sanitizing technology that can diffuse it effectively, with the exception of ozone.
It is now clear that biofilm thrives in horticultural operations. It encourages algae, and is capable of supporting disease organisms including water borne plant pathogens. We can assign value to its management. This allows industry to focus on the solutions and to improve sanitation. Imagine a corner of a subirrigation bench covered in algae and crop debris. This contamination can harbor plant pathogens, especially those that are waterborne, and insects like shore flies and fungus gnats.
– Kills bacteria in plants and ensure seeds are not infected with mold spores
– Destroys biofilms and treats plants of pathogens safely
– Maintain freshness and extend shelf life for crops, harvests, flowers and cuttings
Certain characteristics are shared by all branches of Horticulture, such as the use of water before and after harvest. There may be differences in the types of tools, production environments or production methods used. Some horticulture methods even disinfect water to protect soil microbiomes. VeriSan™, can be used almost anywhere to sanitize or prolong the shelf life of vegetables, is safe for your plants, food, and business.
Because of its antimicrobial pesticide, disinfecting and sterilizing properties, chlorine dioxide treatment kills E.coli bacteria from seeds. It is also important to ensure that seeds are not carriers of mold when they are brought into clean growing facilities. Whole crops can be at risk from mold if contaminated seeds are introduced to a clean growing facility.
California’s large greenhouse tomato, cucumber and pepper operations inject chlorine dioxide in its irrigation water and post harvest to disinfect various production and postproduction processes. The chlorine dioxide is injected continuously to remove pre-existing biofilm from the lines. This prevents it from re-establishment. This application has a secondary benefit: it eliminates drip-emitter blockage due to organic matter deposition and biofilm growth.
Another benefit is the control of algae. The trough irrigation system has a significantly lower level of algae buildup than before treatment. Control is dependent upon the irrigation system’s physical design. Because there is constant contact between the treated water and the surfaces, it is impossible to eliminate all algae. Design flaws such as dead legs in irrigation runs or areas that do not achieve effective contact must be addressed. These areas in an irrigation system should be treated with extra effort, which often requires periodic treatment with a higher dosage of chemicals. These design flaws must be corrected when irrigation systems are extended within an operation. Connecting the dots allows us to understand the problem better and solve it.
After the tomatoes have been harvested, they are dumped in an underground water network which floats them to the packing and grading area. After being harvested, the tomatoes are placed in an underground water network that floats them to the grading and packing area. The tomatoes are transferred to a packing area by an underground water system. They are then placed in a chlorine dioxide solution and allowed to float through the cleaning and sanitizing process.
The other advantage of chlorine dioxide in vegetable and other edible crop sanitation lies in its gaseous nature. Any molecules that are not consumed in surface sanitation escape into the air. This eliminates the need to rinse the product using water to remove residual chemicals. This eliminates the need to ensure that the rinse water is not contaminated by microbial organisms. A field-level hydrocooler cools fresh produce after it has been harvested. The chilled water is used to remove heat from the field, wash soil and debris, and it also serves as an initial surface sanitizer for produce before it goes to a packing house. This system uses chlorine dioxide to treat the water.
A California nursery used chlorine dioxide injection to improve drip emitter performance. Biofilm accumulation caused by drip emitter clogging was a problem in an outdoor nursery that produces year-round and has an irrigation system that collects runoff in a surface pool for reuse. Above are two drip emitters. (Left-new emitter, right-biofilm-clogged emitter). The pyramidal accumulation of biofilm and algae at the tip of the emitter leads to failure.
One employee was responsible for the full-time inspection and replacement of clogged emitters. The problem has been solved by chlorine dioxide treatment. Only minimal maintenance is required.
Greenhouse Ornamental Production
These are the objectives of the greenhouse growers who use, test and consider chlorine dioxide:
– Eliminating biofilm from holding tanks and irrigation lines
– Elimination drip emitter clogging
– Significantly reduce algae
– Use irrigation water to control disease
– Reuse captured runoff water
Chlorine Dioxide has been shown to be able to eliminate biofilms that have a structural and functional integrity. They have a three-dimensional structure that represents a community lifestyle of microorganisms and have been metaphorically called ‘cities’ for microbes.
The following are approved by the EPA: Fungicide, Disinfectant and Algaecide.
Whole crops can be at risk from mold if contaminated seeds are planted before they even grow. To kill any bacteria, mold or other unwanted organisms on the surface of plants, a chlorine dioxide treatment is possible. Vapor fogging is the best way to kill all organisms in a facility. It leaves no residues and does not require any additional cleanup.
Mold can be found almost everywhere, as it can grow anywhere there is moisture. Mold can travel easily from one room to another and even between buildings, if there are no air ventilation systems or people who traffic in contamination. Mold contamination can be prevented or eliminated by many means. Our Chlorine Dioxide solutions have proven successful in treating some of the most dangerous environments. To clean out grow rooms, disinfect them with maintenance or regular applications.
The bacterial complexes that make up biofilm and algae have a fascinating relationship. ClO2 can eliminate biofilm from surfaces such as holding tanks, tanks, mixing tanks and containment vessels. For disinfection of substrates used in mushroom cultivation, spawn production and processing, as well as cannery equipment, seeds and other crop equipment, you can use chlorine dioxide.
Low flow can lead to biofilms. This is because the fluid doesn’t wash away the biofilm. Biocides can only destroy the surface of biofilms because they cannot penetrate them. Chlorine Dioxide reduces bacteria in solutions. This extends shelf life by 7 to 77% for Chrysanthemums, Gypsophila, Snapdragons, Roses Gerberas, Stock, Vilassar flowers.
The presence of Aspergillus in cannabis has been successfully treated with chlorine dioxide gas. The treated cannabis can be kept in bud or extracted. Aspergillus refers to a group of filamentous fungi (or common molds) which includes over 185 species. They reproduce by producing conidia, or asexual spores. These conidia can then spread to many environments and germinate and grow.
ClO2 disinfects and deodorizes tanks and lines in agricultural and horticultural settings. For surface sanitation, fresh harvested produce can be sprayed with chlorine dioxide water or passed through a network of chlorine dioxide water pipes. Chilled water is used to rinse soil and debris. It also serves as an initial surface sanitizing for produce before it is cleaned, graded, and sent to a storage shed or stored for sale. Clean Solutions can also be used in continuous water systems to kill bacteria and biofilms.
Mold can be found all over the place because it is easily attracted to moisture and can travel from one room to another. Flooded residences are a common application to stop mold reemergence. “Chlorine dioxide gas completely fills the space in which it is contained. This ensures that no surface is left unattended, regardless of how big or small the target area is.
To control mold, mildew, and slime-forming-bacteria on walls, floors, ceilings, and other surfaces
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EPA APPROVED CONCENTRATIONS & USES LIST
(Starts on page 60) EPA RED DOC
PDF MIXING INSTRUCTIONS (With Images)
VeriSan™ MIXING & SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Not intended for internal use. Harmful if swallowed.
Keep out of reach of children.
Sodium Chlorite (NaClO2) EPA CAS Reg No. 7758-19-2 US EPA
Safety Data Sheet (SODIUM CHLORITE)
Hydrochloric Acid (HCl) EPA CAS Reg No. 7647-01-0 US EPA
Safety Data Sheet (HYDROCHLORIC ACID)
Chlorine dioxide (ClO2) EPA CAS Reg No. :10049-04-4 US EPA
For a full list of EPA approved uses click here – EPA approved concentrations & uses (Starts on page 60)
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